THEORY OF 3JCN MUSIC NOTATION
Other Music Notation Stuffs:
Barline: is a vertical short line (|), divides music lines into groups of certain beats called measures. Numbers of beats in all measures must be the same, except first measure of the song. The numerator of a fraction of Time Signature shows number of beats in each measure. Two barlines next together (||) means melody of piece/song changes. Three barlines next together (|||) means the end of the song.
Repeat Sign: When you want to repeat a big section of a piece/song, you use repeat signs ||: and :|| around that section. Where you want a different ending for the second time a repeat is played, you will place number brackets above the bars which are to be played the first time (1), and those which are to be played the second time (2). These are referred to as "first-time bar" and "second-time bar," or "first and second endings." Numbers higher than two can be given as well, which implies that the passage is repeated as many times as the highest ending number given.
Examples: |-- 1-------------------| 2------------------------------|
||: | | | | :|| | | :||
B C A D
Explanation: You play along above music line from left to right, first you reach to point A, you must return to point B to repeat a section BC. When you reach point C, you skip section CA and continue to play AD.
Coda: (Italian for "tail"; from the Latin cauda) A passage added to the final section of music piece to give a feeling of ending. In music notation, the coda symbol is used as a navigation marker, similarly to the dal Segno sign. It looks like a set of crosshairs. It is encountered mainly in transcriptions of popular music, and is used where the exit from a repeated section is within that section rather than at the end. The instruction "To Coda" indicated that the performer is to jump to the separate section headed with the symbol.
@ To Coda @ Coda
|--1-------------------------|--2-------------------------------------------| The End
Beginning ||: | | | | :|| | | | || |... |||
B C A D F
Explanation: From beginning of the song ($), go through B, go to A, return to B to repeat section BC, skip CA and continue to play section AD. When reach D, must return to beginning ($). Repeat second time, play until C (first coda) skip section CD - section between two coda signs (@.....@) - then play the final section DF.
Tie: A tie is a underline which is used to connect two notes of the same pitch. The resulting sound is that of a single tone with the duration value of the sum of the tied notes.
Example: ....... a2 | a1 ...... play note La (A) only one, with duration of 3.
Slur: A slur is a pair of paranthesis symbol indicating that the notes it embraces are to be played without separation. This implies legato articulation, and in music for bowed string instruments, it also indicates the notes should be played in one bow; and in music for wind instruments, that the notes should be played without using the tongue to rearticulate each note (see tonguing). In guitar music, the slur indicates that the notes should be played without plucking the individual strings, i.e. hammer-ons and pull-offs. In vocal music, slurs are usually used to mark notes which are sung to a single syllable.
Example: ... | (d3/4 e1/4 d.5 b1.5) |......